Lompat ke konten Lompat ke sidebar Lompat ke footer

7 Causes of Sinusitis and How to Overcome It

7 Causes of Sinusitis and How to Overcome It
Masmaol.com - Sinusitis is inflammation of the lining of the sinuses, which are small cavities connected to each other by air passages within the skull. Sinusitis can be experienced by everyone, both children and adults.

In general, sinusitis can be caused by infection or irritation. Both of these can cause the sinus walls to become inflamed and swell, thereby reducing sinus function.

Various Causes of Sinusitis

Healthy sinuses produce mucus to moisten the sinuses and nasal cavities and trap dust and germs. The nasal cavity and sinuses are connected by a small opening called the ostium. Through this ostium, air that enters the nose is also circulated into the sinuses to be filtered.

However, sinuses can become inflamed and have impaired function for several reasons. Here are some things that can cause sinusitis:

Viral Infection

Viral infections are the most common cause of sinusitis. This viral infection can cause the walls of the sinuses to swell, thus blocking the ostium which is supposed to be a place for mucus to come out. As a result, mucus accumulates in the sinus cavities.

Bacterial Infection

Although rare, bacterial infections can also cause sinusitis. Bacteria that enter the nose can cause excess mucus production, resulting in a buildup of mucus that is difficult to remove in the sinuses.

This condition will encourage the growth of germs in the sinuses and cause sinusitis.

Fungal Infection

Another cause of sinusitis is a fungal infection. Aspergillus is a type of fungus that most often causes sinusitis. Sinusitis due to fungal infections is more prone to occur in people with a weak immune system.


Allergies to dust, pollen, mites, and animal dander can cause allergic rhinitis. This condition causes swelling of the nasal wall so that it blocks the ostium.

In addition, allergies can also increase mucus production. The combination of these two conditions causes excess mucus to build up in the sinuses. As a result, it becomes easier for bacteria to grow and sinusitis occurs.

Nasal Polyps

Polyps can grow in the nose or sinuses. Regardless of their location, polyps can block the ostia and block the passage of mucus from the sinuses. This mucus buildup can cause inflammation which in turn triggers sinusitis.

Air Pollution

Various pollutants in the air, such as dust, cigarette smoke, air pollution, and strong odors, are known to irritate the nasal passages. This irritation can also cause inflammation which then increases the risk of sinusitis.

Dry Air

Dry air can cause mucus to become thick, making it more difficult to drain from the sinuses. This buildup of mucus can cause sinusitis.

How to Overcome Sinusitis

Sinusitis can be treated independently at home or by using medicines from a doctor.

Handling sinusitis independently at home is usually done for mild cases of sinusitis. Here are some ways to treat sinuses at home:
  • Get enough rest
  • Drink plenty of water at least 8 glasses a day to help thin mucus
  • Avoid allergy triggers, such as animal dander and plant pollen
  • Do not smoke and avoid exposure to secondhand smoke
  • Rinse the nose with a salt water solution to relieve swelling
  • Use a humidifier to humidify the air, especially if you spend a lot of time in air-conditioned rooms
  • Take pain relievers that can be purchased at pharmacies without a doctor's prescription, such as paracetamol, if pain or tenderness appears
Meanwhile, treatment of sinusitis with drugs from a doctor is carried out based on the underlying cause. The following are medicines that doctors usually prescribe to treat sinusitis:
  • Nasal sprays, to reduce swelling in the sinuses
  • Antihistamines, if sinusitis is caused by allergies
  • Antibiotic medication, if sinusitis is caused by a bacterial infection


If Sinusitis veins persist or even get interfere with comfort, you should consult a doctor. Doctors can recommend medical procedures to treat Sinusitis according to your condition.

Finally, that's enough for my writing on blog Masmaol.com today which 7 Causes of Sinusitis and How to Overcome It, I hope it can be useful and helpful, sorry if there are wrong words, thank you and see you Mas Maol in the next article. Byee
Mas Maol
Mas Maol Suka berbagi konten tutorial seputar game, aplikasi serta tips trik lainnya.

Posting Komentar untuk "7 Causes of Sinusitis and How to Overcome It"